Philippe de Champaigne

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Philippe de Champaigne (26 May 1602 — 12 August 1674) was a Baroque era painter of the French school. Born in Brussels of a poor family, Champaigne was a pupil of the landscape painter Jacques Fouquières. He moved to Paris in 1621, where he worked with Nicolas Poussin on the decoration of the Palais du Luxembourg under the direction of Nicolas Duchesne, whose daughter he married. After the death of his protector Duchesne, Champaigne worked for the Queen Mother, Marie de Medicis, and for Richelieu, for whom he decorated the cardinal’s palace, the Dome of the Sorbonne church and other buildings. He was a founding member of the Académie Royale de Peinture in 1648. Later in his life (1640), he came under the influence of Jansenism. After his paralysed daughter was miraculously cured at the nunnery of Port-Royal, he painted the celebrated but untypical picture Ex-Voto (1662), now in the Louvre, which represents the artist’s daughter with Mother-Superior Cathérine-Agnès Arnauld. Champaigne produced a very large number of paintings, mainly religious works and portraits. Influenced by Rubens at the beginning of his career, his style later became more austere. He died in Paris.

001 — The Annunciation c. 1645 Oil on canvas, 334 x 214 cm Wallace Collection, London

002 — Annunciation c. 1644 Oil on canvas, 74,3 x 54,6 cm Ferens Art Gallery, Hull

003 — The Échevins of the City of Paris 1648 Oil on canvas, 200 x 271 cm Musée du Louvre, Paris

004 — Ex Voto 1662 Oil on canvas, 165 x 229 cm Musée du Louvre, Paris

005 — Portrait of Henri Groulart 1654 Oil on canvas, 92,5 x 75,5 cm Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest

006 — The Vow of Louis XIII 1637 Oil on canvas, 342 x 267 cm Musée des Beaux-Arts, Caen

007 — King Louis XIII 1655 Oil on canvas, 108 x 86 cm Museo del Prado, Madrid

008 — The Penitent Magdalen - Oil on canvas, 115,5 x 87 cm Museum of Fine Arts, Houston

009 — The Marriage of the Virgin c. 1644 Oil on panel, 71,5 x 143,5 cm Wallace Collection, London

010 — The Miracles of the Penitent St Mary 1656 Oil on canvas, 219 x 336 cm Musée du Louvre, Paris

011 — Portrait of Omer Talon 1649 Oil on canvas, 225 x 161,6 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington

012 — Portrait of Bishop Jean-Pierre Camus 1643 Oil on canvas, 73,2 x 59,4 cm Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Ghent

013 — Portrait of a Man 1650 Oil on canvas, 91 x 72 cm Musée du Louvre, Paris

014 — Portrait of Robert Arnauld d’Andilly 1667 Oil on canvas, 78 x 64 cm Musée du Louvre, Paris

015 — The Presentation of the Temple 1648 Oil on canvas, 257 x 197 cm Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels

016 — Cardinal Richelieu c. 1637 OiI on canvas, 260 x 178 cm National Gallery, London

017 — Triple Portrait of Richelieu c. 1640 Oil on canvas, 58 x 72 cm National Gallery, London

018 — Cardinal Richelieu c. 1639 Oil on canvas, 222 x 155 cm Musée du Louvre, Paris

019 — The Supper at Emmaus - Oil on canvas, 217 x 226 cm Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Ghent

020 — Still-Life with a Skull - Oil on panel, 28 x 37 cm Musée de Tessé, Le Mans