Escallop

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Escallop Escallop, or escallop shell, (fr. coquille). This is the badge of a pilgrim, also a symbol of the Apostle S.James the Great, who is generally drawn in the garb of a pilgrim. As it is found in ancient heraldry as early as Henry III.'s time, it was probably suggested by the eastern pilgrimages. It is borne in various ways, often surmounting an ordinary or other charge, especially a cross, chief, or bordure, &c. It is clear that the old French term coquille(from which we derive out modern cockle shell), is the same, though heralds pretend that when this is used the shell should have the edge upwards. The shell is always represented with the outside of the valve towards the spectator; but in French arms the interior is sometimes shewn, and then the term vannet in used. См. fan under basket.

«Argent, an escallop gules» – PRELATE, Glouc.
«Azure, three escallops or» – Abbey of READING, Berks. [Under the patronage of S.James Abbey.]
«Per pale argent and gules, an escallop or» – Augustinian Abbey of S.James, Northampton.
«Gules, two lions passant guardant or, oppressed by a bend azure, within a bordure of the third semé of escallops argent» – HOLLAND.
«Quarterly argent and gules, in the second and third a fret or, over all a bendlet sable, charged with three escallops of the first» – SPENCER, of Althorpe, Northamp. [The mullet or is a marks of cadency.]
«Argent, a lion rampant gules; on a chief sable three escallops of the first» – RUSSELL, Duke of Bedford.
«Herbert de CHAMBERLEYNE, de goules a trois escallops d'or» – Roll, temp. HEN. III.
«Rafe BIGOT, d'or ung crois de goules a les escallops d'argent en le croix» – Ibid.
«Warin de MONCHENSY, d'or ove trois escocheons barres de verre et de goules» – Ibid.
«Sire Thomas de SEIN LOY, de goules a une fesse e iij escalops de argent» – Roll, temp. ED. II.
«Monsire de ST.LOE, port de gules a une fes d'argent entre trois cokils d'argent» – Roll, temp. ED. III.
«Le Sire de HALTON, port d'argent deux barres d'asur a trois escalops gules en la chief» – Ibid.
«Monsire Richard de HOWLAND, port de sable a une lyon rampant d'argent a une urle des cokelles d'argent» – Ibid.
«Monsire Robert INGHAM, port d'ermin a une fes de gules trois cokils d'or en le fes» – Ibid.
«Barry of four argent and azure semé of cockleshells» – Silesian family of VON STRACHWITZ.
«D'azur, a trois vannets d'or» – BEAUSSIER DE LA CHAULANE, Provence.

The escallop, it will be noted, is sometimes used to denote a difference, but it does not occur amongst the recognised charges for this purpose. См. Cadency.

«Pale of six argent and vert an escallop for «difference,» as the first» – HOPWOOD, Lancaster.
«Or, an escallop for «difference» between three crescents within a double tressure flory counter flory gules» – SEATON, Pethoder, Scotland.

Escallopped is used in a remarkable case, forming a kind of vair, in which the scallops represent scales.

«Barry of four, counter escallopped argent and gules, each scale nailed sable» – ARMOURER.

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